The 21 st century society is based on the massive use of ICT (internet applications, smart phones…). Technologies are playing a revolutionary role in promoting environmental and social sustainability. Education has been marked too by the use of ICT, at least in developed countries (E-learning, educative internet…)…
But First , what is ICT ?
The need for continuous access to information and knowledge makes learning lifelong and the traditionally neat distinction between learning and work unreal. Education thus becomes a continuum, with no marked beginning and end, which provides opportunities for lifelong learning to help individuals, families, workplaces, and communities to adapt to economic and societal changes, and to keep the door open to those who have dropped out along the way. Learning throughout life is one of the keys to the 21st century, for a number of reasons:
- Rapid technological change and growth in knowledge and information require constant learning.
- As society evolves, we are unlikely to continue the present life-cycle pattern of prolonged education at the beginning of life and an extended retirement period at,the end.
- Lifelong learning provides opportunities for those who are unemployed to reenter the workforce.
- Given the importance of learning foundations, and of continued learning in knowledge-intensive societies characterized by rapid change, those who miss out—either initially or later on—are effectively excluded.
- Lifelong learning and training for the workplace cannot be confined to the traditional classroom.
- To cope with the diversity, complexity, and changing demands for education services, delivery must extend beyond the face to- face institutional modality to include distance education, enrichment mass media, and non formal settings.
Different ICT have the potential to contribute to different facets of educational development and effective learning: expanding access, promoting efficiency, improving the quality of learning, enhancing the quality of teaching, and improving management systems. ICT also offer possibilities in lifelong learning, adult training (chapter 17), and e-training for the workplace.
Planning for effective use of ICT in education necessitates an understanding of the potential of technologies to meet different educational objectives and, consequently, to decide which of these objectives will be pursued. This decision affects the choice of technologies and the modalities of use.